Эффект Фишера
Влияние инфляции на уровень процентных ставок по кредитам. Уравнение, выведенное Ирвингом Фишером (1867-1947 гг.), выглядит следующим образом: R = r F, где R - номинальная процентная ставка, r - реальная процентная ставка и F - годовой уровень инфляции. Например, если уровень инфляции за год составил 6%, а реальная процентная ставка - 4%, тогда номинальная процентная ставка равняется 10%. Учет инфляции позволяет кредиторам компенсировать потери от снижения стоимости валюты при возврате суммы кредита. Эффект Фишера свидетельствует о наличии прямой зависимости между инфляцией и номинальной процентной ставкой: изменение годового темпа инфляции приводит к соответствующему изменению номинальной ставки. См. International Fisher effect.

Новый англо-русский словарь-справочник. Экономика. — М.: Флинта, Наукa. . 2010.

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